Welcome back to our Camera Basics series! In this third installment, we will be diving deeper into the world of photography and exploring more advanced techniques and functions of your camera. Whether you are a beginner looking to expand your knowledge or a seasoned photographer wanting to brush up on the fundamentals, this blog is for you. We will cover topics such as manual settings, composition techniques, and how to achieve the best exposure for your photos. By the end of this series, you will feel confident in your ability to use your camera to its fullest potential. Let’s get started on our photography journey together!

Camera Basics 3

[Applause] what’s up everybody Peter MacKinnon here welcome back to another video today we are discussing camera basics three this is the third installment of a three video series that has taken me several years to make all three videos for no other better reason than timing timing what’s funny about This is actually the first video I did in my home studio the second video I did in my first office and the third installment the final one for now is being done at my new studio so I get a little humor out of that today’s topics are gonna include raw versus JPEG crop Sensors versus full-frame sensors and mirrorless cameras versus DSLR cameras so if you’re new to photography if you’re new to video you’re trying to figure out what camera to buy what settings to use this is the place to be welcome good to have you and this is the Series I’ll link the other videos above so you can get to those easily but let’s just dive in to camera basics 3 starting with raw versus JPEG it all comes down to how much post-processing you want to do what you’re planning to do with those photos after the fact are you’re gonna Print them are they for advertising are they being blown up into pictures or posters or billboards are they going into magazine are they going online these different questions will determine what you should be shooting now bonus points if you know what JPEG actually stands for because the most people don’t Joint photographic experts group yeah it kind of bothers me now when I say it because I know I’m sorry if I just ruin that for you the mystery is gone a couple benefits with shooting JPEG right off the bat you can fit more on a memory Card you can fit more images on a single SD card and they’re usually faster for shooting because less data is being transferred to the card from the camera you can actually shoot faster and longer now when we’re actually comparing compression and data transfers it’s actually JPEG is the worst of some of The options that you can choose so the compression algorithm that JPEG uses disregards far too much information so to break that down further when you’re post-processing these images that when you’re editing them after the fact in a processing application like Photoshop or Lightroom or whatever it is that you use processing these images After the fact is way harder due to the loss of information when that photo was captured now on top of that with each time you save a photo think of it like a photocopy you photocopy the original which is the best quality the second photocopy doesn’t look as Good then you photocopy that photocopy and it looks even worse so on and so forth as you travel down the line the more you resave open edit process save open edit that picture becomes less and less and less and less quality now the benefit is they are easy files to work With easily recognizable on most devices most people know what they are and that’s probably why it’s super popular but we want more detail we want more flexibility in our files when we’re editing when we’re post-processing that’s why raw is the most popular option amongst photographers and artists that are really taking their craft Seriously so unlike JPEG where all that information is being disregarded when it’s saved to become an actual file a raw picture a raw file rather is uncompressed so typically you would load in your RAW files into something like Adobe Lightroom where that software would process all of those rods you Would make all your edits then you would export that as either a tiff or a JPEG depending on the use that you had planned for that image ra’s typically have a better dynamic range they’re far superior if you plan on doing lots of post-processing when You shoot RAW and you open that up in a program like Lightroom to process it you can still change those parameters without damaging the file it’s almost like you went back in time and you can still move those things around without having any image loss or data loss so When you capture an image that might otherwise look totally blown out when you bring that raw photo into Lightroom you can drag back the highlights you can dial back the exposure you can D haze something you can use all of the tools in the tool bar to recover that image to Something that’s usable where when you shoot JPEG that information is just lost forever so before you even open that JPEG in Lightroom you’re already down a few points you’re at the disadvantage the other team has extra players on the ice the Canadian would make the hockey Reference that sets fitting is it not if you’ve just got a camera and you’re setting it up now shoot raw I mean you can do you want it’s your life but such a camera too raw okay next up we are talking about crop sensors versus full-frame sensors now if You’re in the market to buy a camera or you’ve just purchased a camera chances are you’ve heard this discussion before should I buy a crop sensor should I buy a camera with a full-frame sensor and you’ve noticed the full-frame sensor cameras are generally a lot more money And you might be thinking yourself well why like what am I actually getting what am i paying for the term full-frame sensor refers to a sensor size that has the same dimensions as a 35 millimeter format you see 35 millimeter format was made popular back in 1910 way back when And that’s because of the cost and the quality so it’s just kind of remained the standard moving forward and that’s how we base full-frame a cropped sensor is just as it sounds a cropped version of that 35 millimeter format so where we would have a full-frame a cropped sensor Is basically getting rid of the edges and cropping in on that same frame giving you a less you know less wide field of view so some of these have advantages some of these have disadvantages let’s talk about the advantages of a full-frame first and foremost you are going to pay more money For a full-frame camera always it’s got a wider field of view it’s got a broader dynamic range better and low light typically a shallower depth of field and arguably better for certain types of photography now some of the benefits of a crop sensor is you’ve got a major cost Advantage they are generally quite a bit cheaper so if you are on a budget or you’re looking for something to start off and you don’t really want to jump in full frame and just drop way too much money a crop sensor is a great cost advantage along with a few other things That you might benefit from should you choose to go crop sensor there is an inherent telephoto advantage a telephoto boost if you may when it comes to a crop sensor and let me see if I can explain this as easy and straight forward as possible let’s say you’re using a full-frame camera You have a zoom lens on it a telephoto lens 70 millimeters to 200 millimeters you want to take a picture of a bear just ripping apart a salmon fish in a stream in Alaska and you’re like oh my goodness you’re gonna zoom in to 200 millimeters with your full-frame camera BAM fire off a shot but Joe right here next to you has a cropped sensor and Joe zooms that same 70 to 200 lens in to snap a picture of that bear a Joe’s picture the Bears closer up he got closer to the bear than you did but You’re using the same lens Joe how did you do that and Joe says see well I’m using a…

Camera Basics 3 FAQ

1. What is aperture?

Aperture refers to the opening in a camera lens that lets light through to the camera sensor. It is measured in f-stops, with a lower f-stop meaning a larger aperture and more light entering the camera.

2. What is ISO?

ISO measures the sensitivity of the camera sensor to light. A higher ISO setting allows you to shoot in low light conditions, but may introduce more noise or grain in the image.

3. What is shutter speed?

Shutter speed refers to the amount of time the camera shutter is open to let light onto the sensor. A faster shutter speed freezes motion, while a slower shutter speed can create motion blur.

4. What is white balance?

White balance is the adjustment of colors in an image to match how they appear in real life. Different lighting conditions may require different white balance settings to ensure accurate color representation.

5. How can I improve my photography skills?

Practice regularly, experiment with different settings, learn about composition techniques, and study the work of other photographers to improve your photography skills.

I hope you find useful my article CAMERA BASICS 3, I also recommend you to read my other posts in my blog at this link.

If you need help with anything join the community or do not hesitate to contact me.

Best of luck! and follow your passion.

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